Salivary Gland Infection Home Remedies are very simple to practice. Effective in Parotid gland swelling home treatment. Before we proceed further let us see little of insights of what is Salivary Gland Infection?
Salivary gland infection is an infection in the gland that produces saliva or spits in the mouth. In general, these infections caused by bacteria or viruses. In our mouth, you will find three major pairs of salivary glands.
- Parotid glands – The two largest glands in the mouth. This gland is located on each cheek and just over the jaws. Inflammation of these glands are known as parotitis or parotitis
- Submandibular glands – The two glands are located on both sides of the jaw at the back of the mouth
- Sublingual glands - The two glands found just under the floor of the mouth.
The functionality of the salivary glands is releasing saliva into the mouth. The Saliva gets into the mouth through ducts which are at the specific places in the mouth. Most commonly parotid and submandibular glands often get infected.
Causes of Salivary Gland Infection
Salivary gland infections are common in nature. Infection can re-enter in some people.
1. Cause Of Viral Salivary gland infection
Salivary glands also can get infected by a virus. An example is Mumps. Mumps viral infection mostly affects the parotid salivary glands. But, these days it’s seldom because of the vaccine called MMR.
2. Cause of Bacterial Salivary gland infection
Bacterial Salivary gland infections are very common. The causes of this infection are due to the following lifestyle:-
- Poor oral hygiene (cleanliness in the mouth)
- Blockage of salivary duct stones or blocked salivary gland
- Chronic illness
- Low amounts of water in the body
- Inadequate saliva flow in the mouth. This can be due to dry mouth
- Dehydration caused by other illness or surgery
Bacteria is the main cause of salivary gland infections. Viruses also cause salivary gland infection.
The known viruses that cause salivary gland infections are:-
- influenza A
- parainfluenza (types 1 and 2)
Other causes for salivary gland infections are:-
- presence of salivary gland stones
- abnormal salivary glands
- kinks in salivary ducts
Salivary gland infection Symptoms
There are several symptoms of this infection such as…
- Abnormal tastes, foul tastes in the mouth
- Difficult to open the mouth
- Mouth going dry
- Fever at times
- Pain in the mouth while eating
- Redness in the upper neck or side of the face
- Swelling in the face in the areas like the front of the ears, the floor of the mouth or below the jaw
Here are the swollen salivary glands home remedies you can work on for faster relief and cure
Salivary gland infection home remedies
1. Brush and Floss Your Teeth
Practice regular good oral hygiene. Brush and floss your teeth after every meal. This will help to heal the infection to prevent further spreading.
2. Gargle with salt water to remove salivary gland infection
Mix half teaspoon full of salt in a cup of warm water.
Then gargle and rinse your mouth with the warm saltwater. This will kill the bacteria and ease any pain you have in your mouth.
3. Stop smoking
If you are a smoking person, discontinuing smoking to speed up healing.
4. Drink more water
A good salivary glands infection home remedy is drinking lots of water.
5. Sugar-free lemon drops for salivary gland infection
Take sugar-free lemon drops. This will increase the flow of saliva and will reduce any swelling.
6. Massaging salivary glands
Massaging the gland with heat also good for a faster recovery.
When to see a doctor for treatment for salivary gland infections?
Seek immediate medical attention when having symptoms:
- infection is severe
- very painful
- unable to eat food or drink
- difficulty in breathing
- home remedies are not responding for more than two weeks
Your doctor may take an MRI or CT or Ultrasound scans or salivary endoscopy to do necessary diagnosis. Also may tell to take mumps blood tests to mostly if the many glands are affected.
The treatments may be by using antibiotics, surgery, aspiration and so on.
Risk Factors Of Salivary Gland Infection
There is huge list of risk factors that contribute to the salivary gland infection. Mainly the lifestyle, certain medical conditions, and medications. These reduce the flow of saliva and result in salivary gland infection.
- breathing through the mouth
- being immunosuppressed
- anti-Parkinson medications
- above 65 years of age
- radioactive iodine therapy for thyroid
- chemotherapy of the mouth, head, or neck
- radiation therapy of the mouth, head, or neck
- surgery and medication
- diabetes mellitus
- rheumatoid arthritis (RA)
- Sjogren's syndrome
- lymph node infections
- kidney failures
Swollen salivary glands home remedies discussed above are practical. You will benefit from it if followed correctly. Good news is that most of the salivary gland infection clears by itself. It clears with self-care and suggested home remedies. In case of severe infections never delay seeing a physician.
It depends on the severity of the salivary gland infection. Viral infection such as mumps may last for 10 days. Symptoms will go down faster with the above remedies and treating with antibiotics.
There are simple ways to treat swollen salivary gland. Mainly oral hygiene is necessary. Brush and floss your teeth after a meal, Gargle with saltwater, Sugar-free lemon drops and Massaging salivary glands.
Two main causes of salivary gland infection. 1. Viral infection 2. Bacterial infection. A good example of viral infection is mumps. However, this is now seldom because of the MMT vaccination. Bacterial infections causes are many. Such as smoking, poor oral hygiene, blocked salivary glands, dehydration, inadequate saliva flow in the mouth, etc.